Chinese state-owned enterprises and medium-sized bearings, after 50 years of development, especially through the country "65" - "95" during the planning and development and technological upgrading in the introduction, so that the formation of a large-scale state-owned enterprises has become the main force bearing industry , with a strong technical strength and large production capacity. In recent years, with the rapid development of the automotive industry for automotive bearings supporting emerging companies springing up, especially in economically developed coastal regions emerging private, joint venture is to flourish, and maintained a strong investment momentum, but the prevalence of a weak independent development capabilities, product quality is not high the phenomenon.
By profit-driven, some unscrupulous companies flooded the market with fake and shoddy products, Kengpian consumers, to cast a shadow on a highly competitive market, given the state-owned large and medium enterprises pose a threat to brand-name products. Fierce market competition, lower prices brought about with each other, so that only state-owned enterprises had a high cost, low-profit or lost money. For now, the whole bearings industry, market competition, mainly from the competitive forces of the two camps, one side is a new small and medium enterprises, while the old state-owned large and medium enterprises, because of differences in mechanism of the formation of the same starting line is not synchronized race, while the heavy burden of state-owned enterprises were appeared to be inadequate. Of course, state-owned and private enterprises have their own advantages and disadvantages, the mechanism is of course a very important factor, but whether we can under the existing mechanism will be state-owned enterprises into a disadvantage advantage? As long as we carry out careful analysis of the status quo can take corresponding countermeasures.
1 Industry Status
1.1 The emerging small and medium private enterprises bearing the strengths and advantages of the emerging industries, first of all confusion is a mechanism with the state-owned enterprises enjoy the same tax policy cases, the social burden small, employing a mechanism of living, labor productivity, high, very flexible and can be used in marketing to participate in market competition. A few enterprises played the card price cuts, state-owned enterprises generally can not use this method. Product quality, state-owned enterprises have been placed in the relevant national quality supervision and inspection department under the supervision Moreover, the state-owned enterprises is relatively high leadership qualities, and never will be because of the short-term interest of business to make a public breach of national policy decisions, but only in the product quality, service and mechanism. Although the emerging small and medium enterprises the flexibility of a mechanism, but if the idea to use systems engineering to analyze, it is not difficult to discover their weaknesses.
Emerging SMEs through technical imitation stage, after the completion of the primitive accumulation of capital in the state-owned enterprises with the help of retired personnel, technical move closer to the level of state-owned enterprises, and in local areas have empirical breakthrough or innovation, step by step capital, competition and product innovation competition. At this time, the face of competitors, not to imitate, in order to continue its rapid development, we must rely on their own to be innovative, which they continue to develop one of the disadvantages faced by.
In technology innovation, service and technical personnel of these enterprises have been unable to meet the further development of enterprises, the old "experts" be limited to decades of experience and limited energy, innovation has been there can be substantial, while the young technology personnel, mostly energetic, but lack of exercise, lack of practical experience. In these enterprises, on the one hand have a call at any instant, waving away the huge pool of talent; the other hand, the lack of real technical backbone, innovation is low, often less effective, which is a disadvantage of the two.
On the management side, these enterprises have become a complete range of functions perfect "medium" enterprises, lack of ability with a comprehensive, coordinated and strategic talent, in actual operation, often a loss, and the business can not be coordinated development between the various departments, mainly for decision-making The randomness and investment, blindness, wasting alarming, as a constraint to their development of the fundamental issues.
1.2 State-owned large and medium enterprises the advantages and disadvantages of
Talking about state-owned large and medium enterprises, people first think of their difficult situation, unequal employment mechanism, cause floating-General, the market decline, inventories increased, funding difficulties, and aging equipment, enterprises running social and apportionments, to enable these enterprises Management miserable. In fact, these enterprises have a lot of advantages, but failed to arouse sufficient attention and use it. If in-depth analysis of their strengths and avoid weaknesses, will be able to reverse the plight of state-owned enterprises will become inferior edge.
1.2.1 The basis of scale advantages
These companies already have the size of production capacity, although outdated equipment, precision is poor, but as long as to transform, you can improve or improve its accuracy. As has been the use of two or three decades old equipment, should be scrapped update. However, from an economic point of analysis, these old equipment can not be eliminated once and for all, as long as serious repairs, replacement parts precision parts, with a new grafting techniques to achieve economic and practical accuracy should be no problem. In this way, can improve quality, increase in technical reserves, but also to explore business potential, improve productivity and efficiency, which is innovation. Compared with the new company, although more of a transformation of the cost, but it eliminates the need for investment of that part of the funds.
1.2.2 Human resources
In these enterprises, there are many experienced workers and senior management personnel, there are well-trained, complementary advantages and stable workforce, and the real technical personnel are precisely those between the ages of 30 to 50, non-forced unwilling to bear the switch to risk, in the post without being taken seriously, quietly dedicated engineers and senior engineers, technicians and senior technicians. These people are the company's largest and most important advantage of the labor improper conflicts and can make use of policies to guide and use. Management personnel, these companies even more talented, finance, economy, production, technology, marketing and political work such as expert-level talent are both humble, but in the difficulty of coordination between the larger, more need to straighten out and clear their duties, in order to facilitate their talent to minimize friction in the employment mechanism, it should learn from the experience of private small and medium enterprises.
The old state-owned enterprises in the industry generally have a better reputation, but also has a directional bearing products great, there are fixed-point goals, the focus around their own product development, brand, reputation and has established sales network, there are significant advantage, but failed to maximize the performance. For now, these advantages only an objective existence, only state-owned enterprises of these advantages into competitive advantages, in order to effectively improve the living environment of enterprises, enhance enterprise competitiveness on domestic and foreign markets. Today, we are facing a very urgent task is to study advantages and disadvantages of the use of the transformation, in this regard, the state-owned and private enterprises can learn from the model are not only innovation is the only way out.
Two state-owned large and medium enterprises how to win the market
Enterprises are to compete in the market to win, you must have the price, quality and service advantages, access to this advantage can not rely on a simple imitation, and only constant innovation can out of the woods, following this analysis.
2.1 Technology Innovation
The 21st century is the era of knowledge economy, reflected in the bearing industry, knowledge-based economy is innovation economy, we have a base and human resources advantage, our products are level and international advanced level compared to the large gap between the well-known, then the copy other people's things okay ? No. We have our own national conditions, plant intelligence, and only through technological innovation, improve product quality, reduce processing risk, shorten the production cycle, reduce production costs, improve production efficiency, these advantages can be reflected in market competition. The nature of technological innovation is to make the results of new technologies to bring commercial profits, the enterprise's technological innovation in products and processes are mainly two parts.
Product innovations include: (1) self-development and commercialization of products; improved and the commercialization of new products; the introduction of product technology digestion, absorption, increased domestic production and improving innovation and development. (2) process (process) innovations include: self-development, technical and technological achievements (process method, process parameters and measurement techniques, etc.) and applications; self-developed non-standard production equipment and test equipment; the introduction of technology digestion, absorption, application and improvements increase; technological equipment for technological transformation and improvement, through the modalities of technology transfer from the new scientific and technological achievements to promote applications. Competition in the market is actually a continuous process with new technology to replace old technology, new products replace old products with the progress of the process, this process faster, stronger competitive edge. Therefore, the new product development and popularization and application of new technologies, the speed of enterprise competitiveness in an important symbol. Based on the current status of the industry and medium-sized enterprises should be established based technology research and development and technical services to Type 2 3 innovative layers of management and organization system and the corresponding mechanisms.
2.2 The management of innovation
When an enterprise from a mere production units into the market in an entity after the planned economic system set up under the management system can not meet the requirements of the new environment, companies rely on their own to seek development requires an innovative management style to adapt to it. The management of innovation embodied in the following four areas:
2.2.1 the concept of innovation
In a market economy, business leaders and employees must change their ideas, with a new posture, engaged in construction and development of the socialist cause as a leader through an innovative management approach to guide change in this concept, to improve staff Posts sense of responsibility, reform is not surmise who lost their jobs, but through the reform of the enterprise invigorated the pie, so that enterprises have healthy development. No matter how the reform, the staff is still the main business, they are to promote enterprise development and reform of the masters of their fate and businesses together, and employees have only put themselves in position, insert themselves in the master position, in order to in their respective posts for maximum effect.
2.2.2 operating system innovation
Current state-owned large and medium enterprise operational mechanism, basically follow the planned economy, the set of "iron rice bowl" has not yet been broken, with the continuous deepening of reform, its shortcomings become increasingly evident. Should conform to the requirements of the market economy, operating mechanism of innovation is imminent if they do not proceed from the fundamental changes, wear new shoes to walk the old path, then the business is still difficult out of the woods. Operating mechanism in the employment mechanism is its first in a reasonable employment mechanism to promote competition for talent, promote the rational flow of human resources. Leverage the use of wage and implement the principles of the true sense of the word distribution according to work, according to the contribution, bitter, dirty, tired, and insurance and the level of scientific and technological content such as the principles of the wage distribution tilt, the implementation of an open, fair and reasonable competition, the establishment of incentive and restraint mechanisms, do to make the best use, to make the best use of them.
2.2.3 Financial Management Innovation
Comprehensively improve the professional quality of accountants to learn, "Handan Iron and Steel," the financial cost management experience, strengthen internal cost accounting management, and reduce production costs; the external procurement of the implementation of parity purchasing, collective procurement, reduce or avoid unnecessary waste of the generated intermediate links; enterprise can be pilot planning a small accounting unit, the establishment of the factory market, that is under the control of the plant in the products (bearing parts) mobile market, by product part machining sequence, implemented between the factory and the factory price of transactions included in the cost of assessment; workers, folder, volume, mode and other auxiliary tools, spare parts, spare parts, refer to part way into the internal market, supply and marketing, according to local conditions, grasp a small part of all, reduce consumption, and effective cost control. The establishment of enterprise banking, enterprise funds to implement centralized management, unified control by in-house bank, approving a pen. Strengthen financial supervision, financial revenues and expenditures open, and accept their supervision to ensure the rational use of enterprise funds.
2.2.4 marketing innovation
At present, between enterprises facing a disorderly competition, unfair competition on the one hand, on the other is difficult to return to models. In this regard, there is need to reform the habits of marketing, sales contracts can be used, or spot cash, or to avoid bad times there, dead accounts and debt default; gradually improve the quality of marketing staff, to play a corporate brand, reputation and distribution network advantages, will be propagated combined sales of large and disparate, relying on product quality and services dominate the market.
2.3 The enterprise is the main body of technological innovation
Technological innovation that is targeted to open up markets to achieve technical and economic unity. Technological innovation capacity size reflects its competitive position in the market strength, the firm is the main body of technological innovation. Enterprises to create a large number of independent intellectual property rights of new products, new technology, the enterprise can become a strong production and technology and eventually become a strong market competition. Bearing the development of enterprises in the future, we must keep up the pace of development strategies, national machinery industry, centering on state-dominated industries to overall innovation. Technological innovation of enterprises is only limited to product innovation, rather than emphasis on process innovation, marketing and management innovation, innovations such as a lack of integrity.